What are cataracts?
A cataract is an opacity that clouds the natural lens inside the eye. Normally the path of light to the retina (where the light sensors are) is as clear as possible. When proteins that make up the lens clump together, the resulting cataract blocks some of the light making vision blurry or hazy.
Why do cataracts occur?
Cataracts typically occur more frequently in the aging population, however, there are many other factors such as family history, diabetes, long term UV exposure, or certain medications like steroids that can cause cataracts. Also, previous eye injuries can be an attributing factor.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
Cataract symptoms may include:
Lights seem too bright or have a “halo” effect.
Double vision in one eye.
Decreased night vision – sensitivity to glare from headlights.
Dull or fading colors.
Some people actually experience an improvement in their near vision during the beginning stages of a cataract. Unfortunately, this effect goes away as the disease progresses.
How are cataracts treated?
Early on, a cataract may be treated with a change in glasses or contact prescription. Once the cataract begins to interfere with daily tasks such as reading and driving, surgery is the only remaining option. Our vision services include traditional cataract surgery, as well as laser assisted cataract surgery. Continue to read more to learn the difference between the two types of cataract surgery and to get more information on the different procedures and typical patient recovery.